Definition: Calcification within an arterty. Two different types can be seen – Monckeberg’s medial calcinosis (arteriosclerosis) and Calcified atherosclerotic plaque. Below will include descriptions for both.
Location: Carotid artery bifurcation – near level of C3 – C4 on CBCT and near greater horn of hyoid on pantomographs, facial artery – seen over posterior mandible.
Shape: Linear to curved (same shape as artery) to irregular masses in a vertical orientation.
Internal: Radiopaque lines with radiolucent center (similar to a canal in bone) and/or mixed radiopaque/radiolucent to radiopaque.
Number: May be unilateral or bilateral.
(arrows – irregular masses on right near C3-C4 level)
Arterial calcifications – bilateral
Arterial calcifications – CBCT