radiation physics

Attenuation: Photoelectric Effect 2

This is the last post on attenuation methods. Photoelectric effect There are three main steps in photoelectric effect. 1. A high energy incoming x ray photon knocks out an orbital electron (diagrams show K shell electron being knocked out). The energy of the x ray photon must be equal to […]

Attenuation: Compton Scatter

This post is the second method of scatter attenuation. Compton scatter (or Incoherent scatter) There are three main steps in compton scatter. 1. An incoming x ray photon interacts with an outer orbital electron. 2. The incoming x ray photon knocks the orbital electron out of it orbit (becoming a […]

Attenuation: Coherent Scatter

This post is the first of three involving methods of attenuation.  The first two posts will be on types of scatter; coherent scatter and compton scatter.  The last post will be on absorption; photoelectric effect.  These are physics topics and more likely apply to students as they are learning about […]

All about attenuation of x rays 1

Attenuation is when the quantity of x rays is reduced by either absorption or scatter as it travels through matter.   Absorption is when x ray photons ionize atoms and transfer its energy to electrons (i.e. photoelectric effect).  Scattering is when the x ray photons are ejected out of the primary […]

X is for x ray: Inverse square law and PID/cone length

This is the last week of post topics from the review for the hygiene written boards.  Today is the inverse square law and how this applies to changing the PID/cone length and exposure settings for a comparable image density. Inverse square law The inverse square law applies to any source […]