pulpal/apical findings


Case of the Week: Rarefying osteitis (abscess, cyst and/or granuloma) 3

This week I am going to show several examples of rarefying osteitis (sometimes referred to as apical rarefying osteitis when positioned at the apex).  Rarefying osteitis is a term that means ‘loss of bone due to inflammation’. I use this term when describing a radiolucent area at the apex of […]


Case of the Week: Dens invaginatus with clinical photo

This week I have a case of dens invaginatus.  I have shown a case of dens invaginatus before but this time I have a clinical photo to show the infolding of the enamel.  This case is involving a mandibular premolar.  The radiograph shows a radiopaque inverted triangle with a radiolucent […]


Case of the Week: Mandibular Tori

This week I have a case of a common anatomical variant; mandibular tori.  Mandibular tori can be evident on any mandibular periapical as well as bitewing radiograph.  Mandibular tori will appear rounded over the roots and apices on anterior periapicals.  On posterior periapicals, a increased radiopaque area is seen near […]


Case of the Week: Focal idiopathic osteosclerosis

This week I have a case of focal idiopathic osteosclerosis.  Focal idiopathic osteosclerosis is increased bone deposition within the jaws.  As the name states, it is idiopathic.  This will present as increased radiopacity of bone with loss of trabeculation in the area.  The radiopacity is that of cortical bone.  This […]


Case of the Week: Dens invaginatus

This week I have a case of dens invaginatus.  Dens invaginatus is an infolding of enamel from the incisal or occlusal surface of a tooth.  It is most commonly associated with maxillary lateral incisors but can be found on many other teeth in the oral cavity.  This case is a […]